Goalball, a paralympic game is a highly competitive sport that is played 3-against-3, on an indoor gym floor by blind and visually impaired athletes.
The game is usually competitive and exciting to watch. Both the teams play on either ends of the 60x40 foot court. Because visually impaired people have different abilities to see, all the players are blindfolded to make the game fair. The main objective of the game is to throw a three pound goal ball, which is heavy like basketball.
Many people unaware of the game will think how can players keep a track of the ball if they are blind? The answer is that balls have bells in them, which sound lot like Christmas jingle bells that allows players to listen for it. The moment they hear the ball coming towards the end of their court, they dive, usually head first for hoping to block it with their body and stop the ball. If the ball is missed by all the three players, then it goes past the back line and it is considered a goal. The team that has maximum goals wins the game.
History of Goalball
The game of Goalball was invented by Austrian Hanz Lorenzen and German Sepp Reindle in 1946. it was their effort to help in the rehabilitation of blind war veterans.
Whole world came to know about the game when it was introduced in 1976 at Paralympics in Toronto. Since then, Goalball is played at every Paralympic game. The first world competition was help in Austria in 1978, since then the game is played after every four years of competition. The popularity of the Goalball has increased so much that the game is played competitively in all the IBSA regions.