Since, the ancient time the tradition of bullfighting has been prevalent. Though, bullfighting started in Spain, during the eight long centuries of the Spanish War of Reconquest (711-1492 A.D.). However, the first real fight took place in 1133 at Vera, Logroño in honor of the coronation of King Alfonso VIII. Even the painting existed on the walls of Knossos in Crete reflects its prevalence, since 2000 BC. The pictures display various male and female acrobats confronting a bull, grabbing its horns as it charges, and vaulting over its back. This activity was specially popular in ancient Rome. During the Iberian Peninsula that these contests were completely developed. The bullfighting activity underwent lot of changes by the Moors from North Africa who overran Andalusia. They significantly changed bullfighting from the brutish, formless spectacle to a more ritualistic occasion. In these events big feasts were organized where the Moors mounted on highly trained horses, confronted and killed the bulls.
Since then, bullfighting have became a popular pass time at many important events and continues to demonstrate the zeal and daring. Even the men who assisted the horsemen during bullfighting events became very popular. Hence, the modern corrida began to take form. The present bullfighting is much the same as it has been since 1726. During this period the Francisco Romero of Ronda, introduced the estoque (sword) & multea (worsted cape) in these events and made the event more interesting.
The Modern Corrida
In 1726, Francisco Romero from Ronda, was declared as the first bullfighting hero. He became the first
professional bullfighter in Spain. It is believed that with his help the corrida was developed into more of an art form. Currently, bullfighting is much more developed than what was prevalent in Romero. At present, 6 bulls and three matadors are required for this afternoon event. The matadors get dressed in beautiful trajes de luces (suit of lights) along with banderilleros and picadors and the strains of a traditional paso doble. The moment the door to the totil also referred as bull pen is opened the bull comes charging towards the matador, who greets the bull with series of manoeuvres or large cape. These passes are termed as veronicas.
Once the matador is through with manoeuvres he has to mount the bull three times. The second he achieves this a trumpet blows and the head of the shoulder is lowered for the kill. After this a further trumpet blows and the bullfight enters in to the final phase. Now, the cloth of the muleta is draped over the estoque and matadors displays his various skills. At last, the matador kills the bull by aiming straight over the bull's horns. Therefore, bullfighting requires not only skill but also considerable amount of courage.