Jujutsu, also known as JuJitsu is a Japanese martial art form. It is a 2500 year old unarmed combat discipline, however the exact date of its development is hard to trace. Basically, jujutsu consists of grappling techniques. Although jujutsu is not a popular martial form, however famous judo is a direct form of jujutsu. Before the development of jujitsu, there were several other Japanese combat techniques, such as Kogusoku, yawara, kumiuchi, and hakuda etc, which were collectively known as Sengoku Jujutsu. Then came the modern Nihon Jujutsu, which is classified under Edo Jujutsu or the true unarmed Japanese combat system.

Jujitsu as a martial art system earned prominence during the reign of Tokugawa in the 1600s but practice of jujutsu was banned when Emperor Melse came into reign. Then, towards the mid-20th  century, it once again being practiced widely.
 
The basic principle of jujutsu revolves around three basic states of mind and the combination these elements is the secret of power, preparation and potential to the practitioner to excel in the field of jujutsu. The elements are :

  • Zanshin, which means “remaining spirit”. It refers to the readiness for anything at any given time.
  • Mushin, means “no mind”. Its spontaneity permits instantaneous action without conscious thought.
  • Fudoshin means “immovable mind”during times of confrontation.

Jujitsu is all about circular, hard & soft, and external combat style! It basic techniques of attacks comprises throws, locks, hitting & striking, thrusting & punching, pinning & immobilizing, and strangling & joint-locking. It emphasizes on throws, locks, and defensive techniques. Even though, jujutsu is identified as an unarmed fighting system, it sometimes makes use of small weapons, such as the Jitte (truncheon), Tanto (knife), or Kakushi Buki (hidden weapons), including the Ryofundo Kusari (weighted chain) and the Bankokuchoki (a type of knuckle-duster).