A luge is a small sled for one- or two-person. Sled is steered by flexing the sled's runners with the calf of each leg or exerting opposite shoulder pressure to the seat. Luge is also a sport involving racing with such sleds.
Like the skeleton, and the bobsled, luge originated in St Moritz, Switzerland, in the mid-to-late nineteenth century, through the endeavours of hotelier Caspar Badrutt. He successfully sold the idea of winter holidaying, as well as rooms with food, drink, and activities. The English guests began adapting sleds for entertainment, which resulted in collisions with pedestrians as they sped down the lanes and alleys of the village. Thus the methods of steering the sleds were devised, and so were invented the skeleton (head first, prone), the luge (feet first, supine), and the two- and four-man bobsleighs. Inspired y the success Badrutt built the Palace Hotel; he was able to retain the popular Krup Hotel, which catered for different clientèle and brought in competition as Alpine winter tourism increased in popularity.
- Singles - Men/Women
- Doubles - Men (technically women can compete in doubles but it's almost never practiced)
- Challenge Cup
- In a team competition one man, one woman and a doubles form a team. These teams may consist of athletes of two different nations is one nation cannot field a full team. There is also a relay competition which still being developed.